Type2 diabetes is a chronic, life-long disease that consequences when the body’s insulin does not work efficiently, insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas in response to increased levels of blood sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Symptoms of type2 diabetes:
- increased production of urine (the body is trying to get rid of the excess glucose in the urine)
- unusual thirst
- tiredness (because the glucose is wasted and not being converted into energy)
- loss of weight
- increased appetite
- feeling sick
- blurred vision
- infections such as thrush or irritation of the genitals
Treatment and Management :
Medication: People having an type2diabetes first goes for an oral medication guidance certified by Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Diagnosis and management of type2 diabetes mellitus in adults, Bloomington (MN): Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI); 2010 Jul are such as:
- Oral sulfonylurea: prompt the pancreas to make more insulin.
- Metformin: tell the liver to decrease its production of glucose.
- Alpha-glycosidase: decreases the absorption of carbohydrates from the digestive area thereby lowering the after-meal glucose levels.
- Thiazolidinedione: it increase the cell’s responsiveness to insulin.
- Meglitinides: generate the pancreas to make more insulin in response to how much glucose is in the blood.
If you continue to have poor blood sugar control then your doctor would prescribe you Insulin.
Foot care: People with diabetes are more likely to have foot problems .Diabetes can harm nerve fibers, which means you may not feel an damage to the feet until you get a large aching or illness. Diabetes can also harm veins. Diabetes also reduces your capability to attack illness. Small microbe bacterial disease can quickly get more intense and cause the loss of life of skin and other cells.
- Make sure you are wearing the right kind of shoes.
- Get feet assessed by your doctor at least twice a season and know whether you have sensation problems.
- Stop smoking because it worsens blood flow to the feet.
Diet and weight control activity: Meal planning includes choosing healthy foods, eating the right amount of food, and eating meals at the right time can make all the difference to a person struggling to keep their blood sugar under control.
Carbohydrates are one of the major food categories in a type 2 diabetes diet. They provide fuel for the body in the form of glucose. Glucose is a sugar that is the primary means of energy for all of the body’s cells.
Carbohydrates are mainly found in the following food groups:
- Milk and yogurt
- Bread, cereal, rice and pasta.
- Starchy vegetables like potatoes
Physical activity: Physical fitness is essential for everyone, but especially if you have type two diabetes. Physical fitness allows control the amount of glucose in the body. It also allows burn excess calories and fat to achieve optimal bodyweight.
Exercise allows overall health by improving circulation and body pressure level. It naturally reduces insulin resistance even without fat loss. Exercise also increases the body’s vitality, reduces stress, and allows your ability to handle stress, mainly essential if you have type2 diabetes.
Monitoring your blood sugar: Examining your glucose amounts at home and composing down the results will tell you how well you are handling your diabetes. A system known as a gluco meter can be useful device just u need to prick your little finger with a small hook known as a lancet to get a small drop of blood and place the blood drops on a examine strip and put the strip into the glucometer device and results can be avail within 40- 45 seconds of time span. Need to be more careful while monitoring your blood sugar.
To know more about Type1 diabetes click here.
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